Standardized curriculum

Step-by-step to expert performance

Device Handling

Course A

In order to train the basic handling and operation of an indirect ophthalmoscope, the Device Handling course offers abstract scenarios in which colored geometric shapes have to be found on the retina. The level of difficulty rises as objects have to be found on the periphery or are spread over the entire retina. Trainees will learn to align the light source and the lens in relation to the examined eye and to interpret the inverted images of the retina as seen through the ophthalmoscope optics. They will also become familiar with using different lens types and ophthalmoscope settings. They also train the handling of the scleral depressor to examine the periphery and the ora serrata.

Retinal Anatomy

Course B

The Retinal Anatomy course offers an introduction of the basic anatomy of the posterior segment. In the first case, trainees learn to identify the anatomical features of a premature retina, their location and the relative distance between them. In the second case, they use the relative distance to identify the retinal and vascularization zones necessary for ROP diagnosis.

Classification (Learning mode)

Course C

In this course, different patients with pathological characteristics and anomalies of ROP, such as lesions and plus disease, are presented. Trainees learn to identify the related findings and to differentiate the stages of ROP.

Classification (exam mode)

Course D

Course D presents the patients from Course C in a random order. Trainees need to apply the knowledge acquired in the previous course and must identify and classify all findings in an input mask.

Clinical Cases

Course E

The clinical cases are based on real patient cases with a complete, detailed clinical history, and were reviewed and commented upon by experienced ophthalmologists. Trainees are provided with comprehensive patient information and perform a targeted retina examination of the premature patient. The examination findings have to be classified in an input mask.